pix: Daniel O'Grady
細川氏1600 - 1632
小笠原氏1632 - 1871
小倉城Kokura Castle is classified as a flatland castle (its layout: Renkakushiki), and is located in Fukuoka Prefecture. During the pre-modern age, it found itself within the borders of Buzen Province. It is associated with the Hosokawa, Ogasawara clans. Dates in use: 1602 - 1866.
When the castle was rebuilt in 1959, certain embellishments were included in the design that changed how the castle should be classified. The addition of several gables transformed what was a Sōtōgata-type tower - where each level is smaller than the one below it (excluding the upper most level) to a Bōrōgata-type tower - where a watchtower appears to emerge through it's roof.
The upper-most section of the tower, with its overhanging level, represents a highly unusual style of Tenshu. This style is known as Nanban-zukuri & was used in the construction of both Iwakuni & Takamatsu castles.
|1569||Constructed by the Mōri clan of western Honshu.|
|1600||After Sekigahara the castle was awarded to Hosokawa Tadaoki.|
|1602||The castle was enlarged.|
|1632||The Hosokawa were transferred to Kumamoto castle. The Ogasawara took over.|
|1637||Miyamoto Musashi arrived at Kokura castle to assist the Ogasawara in quelling the Shimabara rebellion.|
|1798||The fifth Ogasawara lord, Tadamitsu had a garden with a pond made within the castle walls.|
|1837||The keep and attached tower were destroyed by fire.|
|1839||Many structures were rebuilt but the main tower was not.|
|1866||The castle was attacked by the rebelling armies of Western Honshu & was set fire to by retreating Ogasawara forces.|
|1959||The main tower was rebuilt using concrete. It's appearance differs from how it looked prior to the 1837 fire with several gables included to increase its visual appeal.|
|1990||A renovation of the interior of the main tower was completed.|
|1998||The Kokura Castle Japanese garden was completed.|